Can Artificial Intelligence become our greatest blessing or our worst nightmare eventually? Artificial Intelligence will transform society and improve our quality of living. Or, it will see us as an obstacle that must be overcome and eliminate us. How will an intelligent and highly intelligent robot think about how we treat each other and animals? Thanks to generous donations from The Leverhulme Trust, Cambridge University has established a new centre that will explore the challenges and opportunities Artificial Intelligence can bring to humanity. Computer science advances at lightning speeds. We are just scratching the surface of AI. AI will be able to learn, analyze and then update itself. It can evolve by itself. Is a society filled with smart robots tens of thousands strong a positive or negative thing? Scientists cannot predict the date when AI of human level will emerge. Most scientists believe it will happen by the end this century. It will likely eventually be able to judge, just like any super-intelligent creature. Artificial intelligence could be a threat to our survival. Without the limitations of biology humans and animals have on their brains, this machine would evolve at an incredible rate and become much smarter than us. Stephen Hawking, an English theoretical physicist and cosmologist and author, has warned of the dangers of artificial intelligence. AI can evolve and improve much faster than natural evolution. Hawking fears that AI will lead to the demise of civilization and possibly even humanity’s survival. Professor Hawking said once that “the development of full AI could spell the death of the human race.” What would it mean for humans if Artificial Intelligence becomes smarter than us? Stuart Russel (an AI scientist from the University of California) views AI as the “biggest event in human history. He was involved in setting up the University of Cambridge’s new center. (Image: facebook.com/stoptherobotsnow) The Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence Now, thanks to the Leverhulme Trust’s gift, a new interdisciplinary research centre will be set up by the University of Cambridge. The Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence will call it this. It will explore both the opportunities and challenges, which is what The Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence will do. The potential good and negative aspects of this technological breakthrough over both the long-term and short-term. This Centre brings together IT specialists, social scientists, philosophers, and other experts to discuss and debate the practical, technical, and philosophical questions AI poses for us all in the future. Huw Price (Bertand Russell Professor in Philosophy at Cambridge) is the Director of this Centre. He said that machine intelligence would be one of the most important themes of our century and that humans have only just begun to think about its implications – both good and bad. Leverhulme Trust called for bold, disruptive thinking that could lead to a paradigm shift in understanding. The creation of the Centre was a response. AI has the potential to improve millions’s quality of lives. Leslie Baugh, an amputee, was able operate his prosthetic arms simply by thinking about how to move them. He also performed a wide range of tasks in a brief training period. (Image: Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory). The University and Dr Sean O hEigeartaigh (Executive Director of the University’s Centre for the Study of Existential Risk) developed a plan for the Trust to donate. CSER analyzes data about the new risks facing humanity from war, climate change and disease. How dangerous is ultra-smart artificial intelligence? Dr. O hEigeartaigh stated that the Centre was created to expand on CSER’s pioneering research on the dangers posed high-level AI. It also examines themes like different types of intelligence, responsible technology development, and the issues surrounding autonomous weapons, drones, and other topics. The Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence is open to all institutions and disciplines. The collaboration involves Imperial College London and the Oxford Martin School of the University of Oxford. It’s led by the University of Cambridge. The Centre for Research in the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities at Cambridge (CRASSH) supports it. All cars would be fully automated, which means that they could drive themselves. Driverless cars would result in fewer accidents, deaths and congestion. Image: ts.catapult.org.uk. Prof. Price stated that the proposal was ambitious and combined the expertise of many experts from four universities. Prof. Zoubin Zhahramani commented on the project: “The field is rapidly evolving and machine learning can now perform near human-level tasks, such as recognising pictures and translating between languages. This will help to ensure that machine intelligence research continues to be of benefit to humanity.” Leverhulme Centre for the Future of Intelligence brings together scientists from many disciplines. These include philosophers, social scientists and computer scientists. The Centre will help to guide the technology’s future and examine its implications. Professor Price commented on the creation of the centre at Cambridge. “With farsighted alumni like Charles Babbage and Alan Turing and Margaret Boden, Cambridge has an impressive record in leadership in this area, so I’m delighted it will host the Leverhulme Centre.” Stephen Hawking is an influential scientist who wonders if AI will bring about good or bad things for humanity. (Image: facebook.com/stephenhawking) Elon Musk believes AI is a threat Entrepreneur, inventor, engineer and investor Elon Musk said he was concerned about AI in an interview with the Guardian in October last year. It could pose the greatest threat to humanity’s survival. Musk is the founder of SpaceX, as well as cofounders of Zip2, PayPal and Tesla Motors. He stated that artificial intelligence should be a concern. It’s likely that this is our greatest existential threat, if I could guess. We need to exercise extreme caution. It is becoming more common for me to believe that regulation should be implemented at both the international and national levels to ensure that nothing goes wrong. It’s all about the man with the pentagram, the holy water and the belief that he can summon the demon. Doesn’t work out.” Video – Artificial Intelligence
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