The first telescopes were used for stargazing in tombs over 6000 years ago

. Stargazing was possible 6000 in the prehistoric period, according to scientists who attended the National Astronomy Meeting 2016, at Nottingham. It took place 27 June through July. An international team of astronomers are currently investigating the possibility that this instrument could have been the very first to be used for astronomical observation by humankind. The ancient passages of stone made from long and narrow may have increased what thousands of people could see at night. This effect was likely to be interpreted by the ancestors as granting special powers to the initiated. Carregal do Sal in Portugal, megalithic cluster. These passages could be used to see faint stars at night, which are not possible from the ground. (Image: Nottingham Trent University). From stone passageways, fainter stars can be seen. Scientists plan to study how an aperture such as a doorway or opening affects the ability of fainter stars to be observed. The study is focused on passage graves which, as a type of megalithic tomb, consist of a large chamber with interlocking stone walls and an entrance that’s narrow. These ancient passage graves were used for stargazing long before the advent of telescopes. Megalithic refers to a large, prehistoric stone which forms part or all of a monument. These spaces are sacred according to archeologists and other anthropologists. They were likely used as passageways. The tombs were believed to have been a space where an initiate could spend the night, without any natural light other than that which shines down from the narrow opening lined with remains of community ancestors. 6 ,000 Years before telescopes were invented. These tombs could have been used to observe the sky for thousands of years prior to the invention of the telescope. While faint stars may not have been visible above ground at twilight time, they were easily visible for initiates who were able to see them from the passageways of the underground tombs. Kieran Simcox (a Nottingham Trent University student in physics and Astrophysics) said that the project’s leader is a scientist who has studied physics and astrophysics. He stated: “It is quite surprising that no one has fully investigated how the colour of night sky affects what can be seen using the naked eye.” Without the use of a telescope, the project aims to show how the eyes see stars, given their brightness and colours. These ideas will be applied to passage graves such as those found in Seven-Stone Antas (Central Portugal), which are believed to have been more than six ,000 year old. Professor Fabio Silva of Skyscapes Cosmology and Archaeology, University of Wales Trinity Saint David says about the tombs that “The alignments of the tombs might be aligned with Aldebaran (the brightest star of constellation Taurus). It is essential to accurately determine the time of the star’s first appearance in the season. | TSE @NTUNews @UWTSD — The Science Explorer (@TSExplorer) July 1, 2016 Tombs perceived as sources of secret knowledge The first sighting in the year of a star after it disappeared from the night sky for a long time may have been used as a seasonal marker, and could have indicated the beginning of a migration to summer grazing grounds, for example. Given the fact that it may have not been visible outside, this type of insight might have been considered secret knowledge. Scientists suggest that this may be due to the fact that the human eye is able to see stars even in twilight, as evidenced by the tiny entrance passages. 6,000-year-old #tomb may have been used as prehistoric telescope #grave #History #Ancient #Ritual #Astronomy — MadamSheol +d+ +d+ (@MadamSheol) 1 July 2016


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